My current project I’m working on is based on embedded systems and QT platform. Of course the very first task in the project is to implement some kind of testing method to get feedback on software quality. The test system is composed from few components:
- Automatic crash reports collected on central server
- Automatic random test runners connected to always-running (24/7) devices to catch crashes
First channel collects all crashes (from human and automated tests), second channel is performed fully automatically. Second channel allows to measure MMTF (mean time between failures) and analyse changes in time, probably helping with estimating current software quality state.
Second testing channel requires automatic test driver to inject random UI events (key presses, remote in my case). I used QT message queue for that purpose:
Dereferencing NULL pointer is a very common programming error in almost any programming language that supports pointers. It cannot be caught at build time in general, so we can carefully check every pointer before dereference and handle errant cases in runtime (warning in log?).
But above method is a runtime method. If you don’t have proper code coverage by tests it might not detect errant cases. I believe the answer for this issue lies in static methods (performed at build/before runtime phase). Good example of such approach is LCLint:
char firstChar2 (/*@null@*/ char *s)
if (isNull (s)) return '\0';
As you can see LCLint uses annotations to mark parameter that might have NULL value and thus can detect dereferencing NULL. But LCList is only designed for C language and cannot check C++ (C++ is more complicated for parsing).
When a QT warning is issued you might not know what code is causing activation of this warning. Warnings are not fatal, application is not stopped with proper backtrace.
QT creators added very useful option for that purpose: QT_FATAL_WARNINGS. If you set:
You will be correct backtrace under gdb that allow to locate the problem. Application will abort as soon as first QT warning is located.